Turkey, Terrorism and Coup d’état

Coup attempt pushed back in Turkey | Red Flag – An attempted coup in Turkey has been blocked by mass mobilisations in defence of the elected government. The coup, reportedly organised by army officers loyal to Islamist figure Fethullah Gülen, started around 11pm on 16 July with a swift attempt to take control of Istanbul and the capital, Ankara. In Istanbul, troops shut down Atatürk airport by turning the region surrounding it into a military zone. Tanks were stationed in front of the main entrances. The army also sent troops into Taksim Square and blocked traffic at the Bosporus bridges connecting the European and Asian sides of the city. Troops occupied the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT), from which the army was able to broadcast a statement giving justifications for the overthrow of the Justice and Development Party (AKP)-led government. These included president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s corruption, the lack of democracy and the government’s inability to defeat terrorism.

HistoryGuy.com: Military Coups in Turkey – Military Coups in Turkey—(1960-2016): Turkey has a history of its military overthrowing elected governments and imposing or re-imposing its own brand of political correctness on the nation. The Turkish military, the army in particular, sees itself as the guardian of the pro-Western, secular, (or non-religious) form of government established by modern Turkey’s founder, Kemal Ataturk.

Four times since the founding of the Turkish Republic in the 1920s, the military has successfully stepped in to effect a change in government. In the spring of 2007, tensions in Turkey were high as military leaders once again issued warnings to the government of the ruling conservative Justice and Development Party (AK Party) . Massive street protests by hundreds of thousands of urban secular Turks protesting the perceived religious bias of the ruling party took place, but, despite the tensions, a new coup did not occur.

On July 15, 2016, however, Turkey was rocked by a new coup attempt by “factions of the military,” as Turkish troops blocked streets in Istanbul and gunfire and explosions were reported in the capital of Ankara.

BREAKING: Turkey Military Coup in Progress | Covert Geopolitics – “The full Turkish military statement reads: “Turkish Armed Forces have completely taken over the administration of the country to reinstate constitutional order, human rights and freedoms, the rule of law and general security that was damaged.

PressTV-Turkey intelligence agency: Coup attempt ‘repelled’ – The Turkish National Intelligence Organization (MIT) says a coup attempt in the country has been “repelled” and the situation has been restored to “normal”.

In comments carried by Turkish broadcaster NTV on Saturday morning, the MIT spokesman said the intelligence agency’s headquarters was targeted by hijacked military helicopters, but the coup attempt was “foiled”.

Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yildirim also announced in the early hours of Saturday morning that the situation is largely under control and that a no-fly zone was imposed over the capital Ankara.

Yildirim added that Chief of Military Staff Hulusi Akar and other high-ranking commanders are now in charge of the situation. The country’s state news agency had earlier reported that Akar was being “held hostage” at the military headquarters.

According to Reuters, Turkey’s state broadcaster TRT is also now back on air.

Citing witnesses, Reuters also reported that some 30 soldiers in the coup attempt surrendered their weapons to police in Istanbul’s Taksim Square.

Turkey: On the Brink of Military Coup? – The 2013 Gezi protests and corruption charges against the government, the 2014 presidential election and two general elections in 2015 have put the Turkish economy under stress. Turkey’s annual growth rate, which for 50 years had averaged 4.5%, remained at an average 3% in the past four years. Economists are warning that delays in structural reforms and Erdogan’s economic views could push the growth rate even lower, triggering a crisis.

Kamil Yilmaz, a professor of economics at Koc University, says, «Turkey has slowed down because it could not implement structural reforms. Because of the political developments of the past three years, investments have all but come to a halt. Further slowing of the economy is inevitable under these conditions».

Turkish military coup allied with exiled preacher living in Pennsylvania | SOFREP – As Turkish military helicopter gunships rain lead down on buildings belonging to their own intelligence service, a curious character waits in Saylorburg, Pennsylvania. Fethullah Gulen is a former imam and political figure living in exile in the United States. While Israeli newspapers have recently decried him as a anti-semite, others have described him as a promoter of moderate Islam. As the Turkish military carried out their coup in Ankara, with some reports stating the President Erdogan has been placed under arrest, the military has allied themselves with Gulen and his political party.

Turkey: Is a military coup possible? – Defend Democracy Press – Some hours before the Brussels terror attacks, on the other side of the Atlantic, a rather astonishing article was posted on the website of the ultra-hawkish and pro-Israeli American Enterprise Institute. It was written by a known neocon activist with strong ties (at least in the past, but probably also now) with Turkish Kemalists, Michael Rubin. Τhe article was entitled “Could there be a coup in Turkey?” In it, Turkish military are all but strongly advised to overthrow President Erdogan. The author assures them that they have nothing to fear from USA, NATO or Europe if they do it. He is also “describing”, for Erdogan and his closest advisors, a fate not so different than the fate of the overthrown Egyptian President Morsi.

Was an Islamic leader orchestrating a coup in Turkey? | SBS News – The police raid is seen as part of a tough crackdown on media outlets critical of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. Zaman certainly qualified on that count, but many in Turkey say there is another reason behind the brutal raid.

Zaman was closely aligned with Fethullah Gulen, dubbed the ‘Global Imam’ an influential figure in Turkey, who now lives in self imposed exile in the US.

The Gulen Movement, described on its website as a ‘worldwide civic initiative’ of schools, supportive corporations and media organisations, reportedly operates in 160 countries.

The movement preaches a moderate brand of Islam and inter-faith dialogue, but according to President Erdoğan the ‘global imam’ was attempting a coup against him.

“Yes. It was a coup. A civilian coup. This is what they were doing,” he told US TV host Charlie Rose.

Erdogan’s Conundrum: What Could Trigger Military Coup in Turkey – Unlike the political and economic turmoil in the 1970s and 1990s, the current crisis is largely a result of the conflict between Turkey’s pragmatic domestic and foreign policy and its actual push for leadership, Pavel Shlykov, an associate professor at the Asian and African Studies Institute of the Moscow State University, said in his report.

The current Turkish crisis can be described with several specific features.

First, all spheres of the country’s political and social life as well as all its state institutions are engulfed in the crisis.

Turkish Coup Attempt Caused by Erdogan’s ‘Support of Islamists’ – MOSCOW (Sputnik), Svetlana Alexandrova –”Globally, on the reasons why there is a coup, someone can say that the policy of Erdogan was very controversial and especially his unclear role in the support of some Islamist groups. This fact had upset the army in Turkey. The army didn’t feel that Erdogan was seriously putting pressure on IS [Islamic State terrorist group, or Daesh in Arabic] as many sources has been indicating,” Aita said.

According to the opposition party member, as a result, the part of the military has felt that the national security of Turkey has been threatened.

Brutal Erdogan Forces Out Turkish Prime Minister in ‘Palace Coup’ – The Daily Beast – ISTANBUL — In a swift and brutal exercise that some are calling a “palace coup,” Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has sacked his prime minister to further cement his own power at the helm of the only Muslim NATO country.

Turkey’s next head of government could be Erdogan’s son in-law.

Following a meeting between Erdogan and Ahmet Davutoglu late Wednesday, news reports said that the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) would hold an extraordinary party congress later this month and that Davutoglu, who has been party leader for nearly two years, would not run for the post of chairman. The AKP has always combined the posts of party chairman and prime minister.

Some reports suggested Erdogan got rid of Davutoglu after the prime minister secured a face-to-face meeting with President Barack Obama in Washington during a visit scheduled for this month. The trip has now been canceled.

“Davutoglu on his way out,” the headline of the Sozcu newspaper blared on Thursday. The crisis spooked markets, with share prices sliding and the Turkish Lira weakening considerably against the dollar.

Georgia Closes Air Border With Turkey Amid Coup Attempt – Prime Minister – TBILISI (Sputnik) – The air borders will remain closed until the Saturday morning.

“We have discussed the situation on the borders. Until morning we will monitor the situation and for the security of our citizens we have limited border access in the direction of Turkey and have closed the air border,” Kvirikashvili said adding that the decision might be reconsidered on Saturday morning.

Turkey’s Prime Minister: Turkey’s Airspace Closed, Will Shoot Down Aircraft – Initial reports indicate that Erdogan’s government has taken back control from the coup plotters who are said to be loyalists of the US-based Imam Fethullah Gulen. Earlier on Friday, the military coup plotters had seized the bridges and the media outlets. The military coup leaders said that they had seized the government and established a “Peace Council” to reinstall democracy and human rights, but since making that announcement the military opposition has opened fire on large crowds of protesters.

The announcement that the entire airspace would be shutdown comes shortly after Prime Minister Binali Yildirim declaring that the airspace over Ankara, specifically, would be sealed.

Turkey ex-general testifies over ‘coup’ threat | Middle East Eye – Turkish prosecutors on Monday took testimony from a former top army general who warned the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) in 2007 in a memorandum not to erode the country’s secular values. The ailing Yasar Buyukanit, 75, testified to prosecutors at his Istanbul residence as a suspect in the case which was launced in 2012, the private Dogan news agency reported. Buyukanit, Turkey’s chief of the general staff from 2006-2008, is being investigated for “crimes against the constitutional order”, it added. He wrote the hugely unusual document that appeared on the website of the Turkish armed forces late on April 27, 2007 and said the armed forces were following with concern the debate over secular values under the rule of the Islamic-rooted AKP, led by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. The statement, sometimes dubbed the “e-memorandum” or even attempted “e-coup”, threatened intervention to protect secular supporters who were being denounced in pro-AKP demonstrations.

Turkish involvement in the Syrian Civil War / wikipedia.org – Turkey, whose relations with Syria had been friendly over the previous decade, condemned its President Bashar Assad over the violent crackdown on protests in 2011 and requested his departure from office. Previously, after 1999 when Bashar Assad’s father Hafez al-Assad expelled Kurdish leader Abdullah Öcalan, the relationship between Syria and Turkey warmed.[16] In the beginning of the Syrian Civil War, Turkey trained defectors of the Syrian Army on its territory, and in July 2011, a group of them announced the birth of the Free Syrian Army, under the supervision of Turkish intelligence.[17] In October 2011, Turkey began sheltering the Free Syrian Army, offering the group a safe zone and a base of operations. Together with Saudi Arabia and Qatar, Turkey has also provided the rebels with arms and other military equipment. Tensions between Syria and Turkey significantly worsened after Syrian forces shot down a Turkish fighter jet in June 2012, and border clashes erupted in October 2012.[18]

Turkey also provided refuge for Syrian dissidents. Syrian opposition activists convened in Istanbul in May to discuss regime change,[19] and Turkey hosts the head of the Free Syrian Army, Colonel Riad al-Asaad.[20] Turkey has become increasingly hostile to the Assad government’s policies and has encouraged reconciliation among dissident factions. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has been trying to “cultivate a favorable relationship with whatever government would take the place of Assad.”[21] Beginning in May 2012, some Syrian opposition fighters began being armed and trained by the Turkish National Intelligence Organisation.[22]

Turkey maintains a small enclave within Syria itself, the Tomb of Suleyman Shah on the right bank of the Euphrates in Aleppo Province, near the village of Qarah Qawzak (Karakozak). The Tomb is guarded by a small permanent garrison of Turkish soldiers, who continue to rotate in from a battalion based at the Turkish border some 25 kilometres (16 mi) away, even as the civil war unfolded around them.[23] Up until Syrian forces shot down a Turkish warplane in June 2012, the garrison numbered 15 men in total. Following the incident, the Turkish government doubled the number of soldiers stationed at the tomb to 30, while then-Prime Minister Erdoğan warned that “the tomb of Suleyman Shah and the land that surrounds it are Turkish territory. Any act of aggression against it would be an attack on our territory and NATO territory.” Analysts have cited the tomb as a potential future flashpoint in Turkish-Syrian relations.[24]

Academics, journalists, and several heads of state have noted that Turkey actively works with ISIS through funding, supplying weapons, allowing fighters to freely move to and from Turkey, and providing healthcare to wounded ISIS fighters. It is also claimed that Turkey buys oil on the black market from ISIS and that Turkey smuggles weapons to ISIS fighters.

New Evidence Shows Turkey Bought Oil From Daesh Until February

Although last year the Turkish government repeatedly denied it was involved in the illegal oil trade with Daesh, turns out it was all lies, as up until recently Turkey continued to buy illegal oil from Daesh militants, according to locals living near one of the Syrian oil fields, RT reported.

Last December, the Russian Defense Ministry provided satellite images showing oil being smuggled from Daesh-controlled oil fields in Syria to Turkey. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan rejected the allegations, claiming Turkey wasn’t involved in financing terrorist activities.

However, residents of the Syrian town of Shaddadi near the Jabisah oil field in the Hasakah province told otherwise. They said that up until February when Daesh still controlled the oil field, the jihadists continued to send oil to Raqqa and then ship it to Turkey using the Tell Abyad checkpoint on the Turkish-Syrian border.

EXCLUSIVE: Daesh Terrorists Secretly Treated at Turkish Hospital (PHOTOS) – Four wounded Daesh fighters have been treated at the Ersin Arslan regional hospital, located in the Turkish city of Gaziantep, an unnamed source told Sputnik. They were admitted on May 5, the medical worker, who spoke on condition of anonymity, added.

One of them, named Bagur Ferhad, is an Afghan national born in 1993, the source said.

“I examined Daesh fighters. They had gunshot wounds. None of them received life-threatening injuries,” the medical worker detailed.

New Evidence Shows Turkey Bought Oil From Daesh Until February – Although last year the Turkish government repeatedly denied it was involved in the illegal oil trade with Daesh, turns out it was all lies, as up until recently Turkey continued to buy illegal oil from Daesh militants, according to locals living near one of the Syrian oil fields, RT reported.

Last December, the Russian Defense Ministry provided satellite images showing oil being smuggled from Daesh-controlled oil fields in Syria to Turkey. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan rejected the allegations, claiming Turkey wasn’t involved in financing terrorist activities.

However, residents of the Syrian town of Shaddadi near the Jabisah oil field in the Hasakah province told otherwise. They said that up until February when Daesh still controlled the oil field, the jihadists continued to send oil to Raqqa and then ship it to Turkey using the Tell Abyad checkpoint on the Turkish-Syrian border.

Turkey could cut off Islamic State’s supply lines. So why doesn’t it? | David Graeber | Opinion | The Guardian – In the wake of the murderous attacks in Paris, we can expect western heads of state to do what they always do in such circumstances: declare total and unremitting war on those who brought it about. They don’t actually mean it. They’ve had the means to uproot and destroy Islamic State within their hands for over a year now. They’ve simply refused to make use of it. In fact, as the world watched leaders making statements of implacable resolve at the G20 summit in Antalaya, these same leaders are hobnobbing with Turkey’s president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, a man whose tacit political, economic, and even military support contributed to Isis’s ability to perpetrate the atrocities in Paris, not to mention an endless stream of atrocities inside the Middle East.

1000’s Documents Prove Turkey’s Culpability re Daesh Islamic State Oil Smuggling | Covert Geopolitics – An RT Documentary crew filming in northern Syria has seen Islamic State (IS, ISIS/ISIL) documents abandoned by retreating terrorists and found by the Kurds that, along with captured IS recruits, provide a stunning insight into the alleged Turkey-IS oil trade links.

Shortly after the outbreak of the Syrian war, IS became a game-changer in Iraq and, in particular, Syria. Beheadings on camera, mass killings, and enslavement, as well as apparent connections to the Paris and Brussels attacks had become synonymous with the terror group, giving it wide publicity.

Running a viable militant organization with such remarkable capabilities would be impossible without some logistical and financial support from the outside.

Turkey, which has been actively engaged in the Syrian war since the outset, has repeatedly denied claims that it is aiding IS. However, while Ankara insists that it is the jihadist group’s sworn enemy, facts on the ground often tell a different story.

Second Russian intelligence report on Turkey’s current assistance to Daesh – The Beşar foundation (President — D. Şanlı) is most actively engaged in pursuing these objectives and, in 2015, formed around 50 conveys to the Turkmen areas of Bayırbucak and Kızıltepe (260 km north of Damascus). Donations from individuals and entities are “officially” its main source of funding. In point of fact, the organization’s account receives such funds from a specific budget allocation of the National Intelligence Organization [MIT]. The Beşar foundation has opened current accounts in Turkish and foreign banks with the support of the Government.

The İyilikder foundation (President — Mr. I. Bahar) is also a major supplier of weapons and military equipment to Syrian territory under ISIL control, having dispatched around 25 different supply convoys in 2015. The leadership of this non governmental organization is funded by sources from European and Middle Eastern countries. Funds in hard currency are transferred to Kuveyt Türk and Vakıf bank accounts.

The Foundation for Human Rights and Freedoms [IHH] (President — Mr. B. Yıldırım) is actively engaged in delivering munitions to terrorists in Syria. It is officially supported by the Government of Turkey and acts under the direction of the Turkish intelligence services. Since 2011, the foundation has sent 7,500 vehicles with various supplies to territory under ISIL control. This organization is funded from Turkish sources and by other States. The Turkish banks Ziraat and Vakıf are used for fundraising.

The Shocking Truth: Turkey’s regime Runs Daesh for NATO | the real Syrian Free Press – Britain installed the Saudi-Wahhabi monarchy over 200 years ago, which is the main source of funding for Islamic extremism, including ISIS.

Turkey’s dictator Erdogan runs ISIS for NATO; like the Saudis, he is an Islamic fundamentalist and a long-term ally of Israel.

Turkey’s dictator Erdogan runs ISIS for NATO; like the Saudis, he is an Islamic fundamentalist and a long-term ally of Israel.

ISIS fighters were used to smash up and take over Qaddafi’s Libya, then sent through Turkey to lay waste to Syria and Iraq.

The US and its allies in Europe and the Middle East covertly support ISIS, while pretending to fight it, leaving Russia to take action on its own to quash the cancer threatening the entire region.

Turkey In Command of ISIS-Daesh Forces near Aleppo | Global Research – Centre for Research on Globalization – Russia says Turkey’s military advisers are commanding Daesh terrorists operating around Syria’s northwestern city of Aleppo, which has been the scene of fierce fighting over the past few weeks.

Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova told reporters on Friday that up to 2,000 militants are taking part in the Aleppo battle based on mass media reports.

“Journalists say Turkey’s military advisers are commanding them,” she said.

PressTV- Syria seizes Turkish aid truck for Daesh – Syrian forces have reportedly captured a truck transporting $100,000 worth of medical supplies from Turkey for Takfiri terrorist groups in Iraq and Syria.

Syrian security forces confiscated the truck that belonged to the Turkish al-Yaman medical company as it was carrying over 25 tons of supplies in the northwestern Syrian province of Aleppo, Syria’s official SANA news agency reported on Saturday.

“Al-Yaman Company in Istanbul is sending medicine, equipment, and medical supplies to Daesh organization in Manbej and Mosul and to other terrorist groups,” said a Syrian military source.

The source added that a militant commander was also arrested along with the shipment.

Turkey has on multiple occasions been accused of aiding and abetting militant groups operating in Syria with reports saying that Ankara actively trains and arms Takfiri militants there, and facilitates their safe passage into the Arab country. Ankara has also been accused of buying smuggled oil from Daesh.

Last week, Syrian intelligence forces said that they have captured another haul of medical supplies near Aleppo that came from Turkey and was destined for Daesh terrorists in the Iraqi city of Mosul.

By SOFREP 07.12.2016#Foreign Policy / Turkey was always open for us, says Daesh (ISIS) – Turkey supports Daesh because it poses a threat to Kurds and they can use it against them. For example, when Mosul was first captured, around fifty people were held captive in the Turkish consulate. They opened all roads for us because our guys had the captives. They gave us all kinds of freedom of movement. Those captives were exchanged with Turkey releasing one-hundred of our friends.

The Turkish state and President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan supports us solely because they are against Kurds. It’s not because he’s affectionate towards us or anything. Because he has no relation to Islam. He wouldn’t support us for a day if we didn’t fight against the Kurds. It’s true he hasn’t called us terrorists very openly. But we openly call him an “infidel”.

The Turkish regime, the US, the Iraqi regime are not important for us, but the Syrian regime is. Because we see Syria as the center for the Islamic State that will be founded. We haven’t waged a serious war against the Syrian regime yet. We just attacked some military bases and headquarters when we needed weapons or ammunition, and that was it.

Turkey and Daesh (ISIS) were rather on good terms when they were against the Democratic Union Party, Kurdish: Partiya Yekîtiya Demokrat ‎(PYD.) Yet after America forced Turkish operations against Daesh; dealings against Kurdish forces then became more secret, and they eventually deteriorated. Therefore some of these confessions are propaganda, yet there is truth in them.
Why is Turkey supporting Daesh?
Why does Daesh attack Kurds and Kurdish regions?
There is an agreement between Turkey and Daesh. Maybe it’s not official, or if it is, it hasn’t been announced yet. It is known that Turkey openly supports the Free Syrian Army (FSA) and other manufactured groups against Kurds. It is known that the FSA have camps in Turkey and their official representatives are all based in Turkey. It is known that they have camps in Hatay and some places in Middle Anatolia.

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