Residential Schools for Canada’s Amerindians

Micheline's Blog

800px-Cloitre_recollets_Saverne(Bas_Rhin) Former Récollet Cloister, Saverne, Alsace. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The story of residential schools for Canadian aboriginals has two beginnings. The first is the missionary zeal of Récollets and Jesuits under the French régime. As for the second, it is the establishment of Residential Schools, which began in the 1880s. The very last of which closed its doors in 1996.

In 1966, the Canadian Government opened its Department of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development, first known as the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and, after a fiasco, the White Paper, Amerindians who had been placed in Residential Schools were slowly but progressively rehabilitated and compensated, as per the Royal Proclamation of 1763, their Magna Carta. The IndianResidential Schools Settlement Agreement is the largest ever paid by the government of Canada: 1.9-billion.

The French Régime

  • Récollets
  • Jesuits
  • Jesuit Relations (1632 – 1672)
  • The Canadian martyrs

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